July 31, 2016
There are many complications caused by diabetes.
Here are most of them:
Retinopathy – leading to blindness
Neuropathy – Affects nervous system and can affect major organs
Nephropathy – Leading to kidney failure and dialysis
Heart disease – Possible death, but often creating disability
Foot problems – This can lead to infection and possible amputation unless treated early
The above have been mentioned and are often the most serious.
The following are other complications and can range from minor to serious
Cognitive decline – can often lead to dementia or Alzheimer's, but not always
Sexual dysfunction - in men and women
Fatty liver disease – this can be problematic to fatal
Skin diseases – most of the diseases are treatable
Infections – do not let these become serious
Periodontal disease – care of you teeth is a must with diabetes
Deafness – there is a link, but more pronounced the younger a person is
Gastroparesis - also called delayed gastric emptying and this can be good and bad
Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome - can happen to people with either type 1 or type 2, but most often in people with type 2 diabetes, most often in people with unmanaged diabetes. This and the following one require immediate medical treatment.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis – Can happen to both types, but most often in people with type 1 diabetes, as glucose builds to high levels in the blood stream
Hyperglycemia – elevated blood glucose levels, but not as high as the two types above
Hypoglycemia – low blood glucose levels below 70 mg/dl. This requires immediate treatment to avoid coma and possible death.
Depression – often happens to people with either type of diabetes and now there is a proven link
The most productive way to avoid the complications of diabetes is to manage your blood glucose levels and maintain A1c under 6.0%. Eating healthy and avoiding highly processed foods is important in managing diabetes.
If you are medically able, do exercise of some type that will help. Many wheelchair patients are often capable of lifting some weights and many are capable of moving around in their wheelchair.