March 30, 2014

Diets We Should Learn Exist

This is about diets and some are not for people with diabetes, but I find that the more you are aware of them, the better you will understand other people and their problems. I found one particularly helpful in talking with a person with gout. His doctor had not even mentioned there was a diet that could help. The only thing the doctor had suggested was not drinking.

These are for your reading, but be very careful with some of the diets and do not attempt without doctor supervision.

Diet The customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by a person from day to day; more narrowly, a diet planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain foods.

Acid-ash diet One of meat, fish, eggs, and cereals with little fruit or vegetables and no cheese or milk. Do not use this without doctor supervision.

alkali-ash diet One of fruit, vegetables, and milk with as little as possible of meat, fish, eggs, and cereals. Here is a link for reading =

balanced diet One containing foods which furnish all the nutritive factors in proper proportion for adequate nutrition.

bland diet One that is free of irritating or stimulating foods. Does not mean that you have to do without certain herb and spices – just those that cause irritation.

diabetic diet One prescribed in diabetes mellitus, usually limited in the amount of sugar or readily available carbohydrate. I don't know where this came from, as there is no diabetic diet. At least they limit readily available carbohydrates.

elimination diet One for diagnosis of food allergy, based on sequential omission of foods that might cause the symptoms.

Feingold diet A controversial diet for hyperactive children which excludes artificial colors, artificial flavors, preservatives, and salicylates.

gouty diet One for mitigation of gout, restricting nitrogenous, especially high-purine foods, and substituting dairy products, with prohibition of wines and liquors. See low purine diet below.

high calorie diet one furnishing more calories than needed to maintain weight, often more than 3500–4000 calories per day. Most should avoid this diet unless there is a medical reason and a doctor is supervising.

high fat diet Ketogenic diet. See ketogenic diet below.

high fiber diet One relatively high in dietary fibers, which decreases bowel transit time and relieves constipation.

high protein diet One containing large amounts of protein, consisting largely of meat, fish, milk, legumes, and nuts.

ketogenic diet One containing large amounts of fat, with minimal amounts of protein and carbohydrate. Forming or capable of being converted into ketone bodies. Covered in a previous blog.

low calorie diet One containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight, e.g., less than 1200 calories per day for an adult.

Low carb/high fat diet A diet high in fats (often as medium chain triglycerides) and proteins and low in carbohydrates, often indicated in the treatment of epilepsy. This is a diet that people with diabetes find helpful in managing blood glucose levels. This is often medium protein, but not high in protein.

low fat diet One containing limited amounts of fat. This is what the USDA recommends for people and others follow if they wish to gain weight.

low purine diet One for mitigation of gout, omitting meat, fowl, and fish and substituting milk, eggs, cheese, and vegetable protein. See gouty diet above.

low residue diet One giving the least possible fecal residue. Again a diet that should only be used under a doctor's supervision.

low salt diet, low sodium diet One containing very little sodium chloride; often prescribed for hypertension and edematous states. Another diet requiring doctor supervision.

protein-sparing diet one consisting only of liquid proteins or liquid mixtures of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, and containing no more than 600 calories; designed to maintain a favorable nitrogen balance. Another diet needing doctor supervision.

There are more diets, but most of them are books, such as Atkins, South Beach, and others.

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