- Antiepileptic Drugs: these are becoming a common drug for painful diabetic neuropathy. It has important side effects like sedation and weight gain.
- Classic Analgesics: for those with a debilitating chronic pain condition, these drugs can offer immediate relief.
- Trycilic Antidepressants: Very effective in decreasing pain but since the doses must be high for them to be effective the individual can become addicted t the dosage. Cardiac arrests are common when ingesting these drugs.
- Serotonin-Norepinephrine Inhibitors: these are commonly used to target painful symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. They may also help depressive patients.
Then there is electrical nerve stimulation, which is painless (although I can't attest to this), may help those suffering from stiffness. Electrical nerve stimulation may also help foot ulcers heal.
A good physical therapist will make sure that exercises for patients with diabetic neuropathy do not hurt their feet, which are usually sensitive. Therapeutic ultrasound is a method of stimulating the tissue beneath the skin's surface using very high frequency sound waves, can help some patients regain sensitivity in their feet. The latter did not work for me, but did for another patient and he had few problems for several years.