April 26, 2010

Heatstroke/Sunstroke - Part 6

Part 6 - Prevention

How can heat stroke be prevented?

Drink plenty of fluids. Keeping the body well-hydrated is the easiest and most reliable way to prevent heat-related illness. Under normal conditions, you should consume at least enough water per day, depending on your body structure and weight, to stay hydrated. During strenuous activity, it is essential to replenish fluid at least every 20 minutes, even if you are not thirsty. Avoid caffeinated and alcoholic drinks; these act as diuretics and dehydrate the body

Avoid exposure to excessive heat. Stay in shaded, cool, or air-conditioned areas whenever possible. In addition, schedule your activities to avoid being outside during the hottest times of the day (from 10am to 6pm). When you must be outside, wear loose-fitting, lightweight, light-colored clothing. Wear a hat that shades your face, neck, and ears.

Avoid strenuous activity in warm and humid climates. If you want to exercise outside, do so during the early morning, which is the coolest part of the day.

The body normally generates heat because of metabolism, and is usually able to dissipate the heat by either radiation of heat through the skin or by evaporation of sweat. However, in extreme heat, high humidity, or vigorous exertion under the sun, the body may not be able to dissipate the heat and the body temperature rises, sometimes up to 106°F (41.1°C) or higher.

Be prepared to call 911 if the need arises.



Some of the places or links to find more information include:
There are more sites and references that can be found with the search engine.  This will get your started.  Above all, enjoy your summer and take the necessary precautions if you are a person with diabetes.   If you don't have diabetes, take precautions to prevent heat/sun stroke.

Review Heatstroke/Sunstroke - parts 1 through 6 to say healthy.   If necessary, call 911, (if in the USA) to get emergency help.

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